Source Water

What is source water?

Source water is untreated water from streams, rivers, lakes or aquifers that is used to  provide drinking water for human consumption.

What is source water protection?

Source water protection is any activity that protects these waters from contamination.  Although some water treatment is necessary before it enters our homes the cost of  treatment and the risks to public health can be reduced by protecting our source waters  from contamination.

Why protect source water?

While it is possible to remove many contaminants using modern water treatment  technology, it is much cheaper and effective to prevent water contamination at  the source.  Water is the “universal solvent” and can pick up contaminants in every  part of the water cycle,  as vapor, as ground water, or on the surface. Even a small  amount of pollution can contaminate water, making it unsafe for humans, plants and  animals.

Who benefits from Source Water Protection?

We all need water to survive, so by taking steps to protect source water, we not only  help ourselves, but also our neighbours, including all of the plant and animal species  that share our watersheds.  A high-quality, dependable supply of water is one of the most  valuable resources we have, for our economy and our way of life.

Protecting our source water is a responsibility we all share.